CRG Faculty Publications

Below is a list of recent books, articles, and films from CRG-affiliated faculty.


Juana María Rodríguez, Gender & Women’s Studies
(NYU Press, 2014)
Sexual Futures, Queer Gestures and Other Latina Longings proposes a theory of sexual politics that works in the interstices between radical queer desires and the urgency of transforming public policy, between utopian longings and everyday failures. Considering the ways in which bodily movement is assigned cultural meaning, Juana María Rodríguez takes the stereotypes of the hyperbolically gestural queer Latina femme body as a starting point from which to discuss how gestures and forms of embodiment inform sexual pleasures and practices in the social realm. Centered on the sexuality of racialized queer female subjects, the book’s varied archive—which includes burlesque border crossings, daddy play, pornography, sodomy laws, and sovereignty claims—seeks to bring to the fore alternative sexual practices and machinations that exist outside the sightlines of mainstream cosmopolitan gay male culture. Finalist for the 2015 LGBT Studies Award presented by the Lambda Literary Foundation.
Keith P. Feldman, Ethnic Studies
(University of Minnesota Press, 2015)
A Shadow over Palestine brings a new, deeply informed, and transnational perspective to the cultural forces that have shaped sharply differing ideas of Israel’s standing with the United States—right up to the violent divisions of today. Focusing on the period from 1960 to 1985, author Keith P. Feldman reveals the centrality of Israel and Palestine in postwar U.S. imperial culture. Prof. Feldman explores themes and learnings from the book  in this Jadaliyya interview.

Becoming Richard Pryor
Scott Saul, English
(Harper, 2014)

Becoming Richard Pryor brings the man and his comic genius into focus as never before. Drawing upon a mountain of original research—interviews with family and friends, court transcripts, unpublished journals, screenplay drafts—Scott Saul traces Pryor’s rough journey to the heights of fame: from his heartbreaking childhood, his trials in the Army, and his apprentice days in Greenwich Village to his soul-searching interlude in Berkeley and his ascent in the “New Hollywood” of the 1970s. Becoming Richard Pryor illuminates an entertainer who, by bringing together the spirits of the black freedom movement and the counterculture, forever altered the DNA of American comedy. It reveals that, while Pryor made himself a legend with his own account of his life onstage, the full truth of that life is more bracing still. Visit the digital companion to the book at the website, Richard Pryor's Peoria.
Michael R. Dove and Daniel M. Kammen, Public Policy
(Routledge, 2015)
In an era when pressing environmental problems make collaboration across the divide between sciences and arts and humanities essential, this book presents the results of a collaborative analysis by an anthropologist and a physicist of four key junctures between science, society, and environment. The first focuses on the systemic bias in science in favour of studying esoteric subjects as distinct from the mundane subjects of everyday life; the second is a study of the fire-climax grasslands of Southeast Asia, especially those dominated by Imperata cylindrica (sword grass); the third reworks the idea of ‘moral economy’, applying it to relations between environment and society; and the fourth focuses on the evolution of the global discourse of the culpability and responsibility of climate change. The volume concludes with the insights of an interdisciplinary perspective for the natural and social science of sustainability. It argues that failures of conservation and development must be viewed systemically, and that mundane topics are no less complex than the more esoteric subjects of science. The book addresses a current blind spot within the academic research community to focusing attention on the seemingly common and mundane beliefs and practices that ultimately play the central role in the human interaction with the environment.
Paola Bacchetta, Gender & Women’s Studies
  • “Décoloniser le Féminisme: Intersectionnalités, Assemblages, Co-Formations, Co-Productions.” (Decolonizing Feminism: Intersectionalities, Assemblages, Co-Formations, Co-Productions). Cahiers du CEDREF. Special Issue on Intersectionalities and Colonialism (2015).

Irene Bloemraad, Sociology

  • Hamlin, R., Bloemraad, I., de Graauw, E. “Political Stories: Media Narratives of Political Participation by Asian Immigrants in the United States and Canada.” Politics, Groups and Identities (2015).
  • “White by Law, Not in Practice: Explaining the Gulf in Citizenship Acquisition between Mexican and European Immigrants, 1930.”  Social Forces (2015).

Mel Chen, Gender & Women’s Studies

  • “Brain Fog: The Race for Cripistemology.” Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies (2014).
  •  “Lurching for the Cure?: On Zombies and the Reproduction of Disability.” GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies (January 2015).

Keith Feldman, Ethnic Studies

  •  “The Globality of Whiteness in Post-Racial Visual Culture.” Cultural Studies (2015).
  •  “#Notabugsplat: Becoming Human on the Terrain of Visual Culture,” in Routledge Companion to Literature and Human Rights. (Sophia A. McClennen, Alexandra Schultheis Moore, eds., Routledge, 2015).

Susan Ivey, School of Public Health

  • Thompson AC, Ivey, SL, Lahiff, M, Betjemann, J. “Delays in Time to Surgery for Minorities with Temporal Lobe Epilepsy.” Epilepsia (2014).
  • Sokal-Gutierrez, K, Ivey, SL, Garcia, R, Azzam, A, Wilson, E. “Evaluation of the Program in Medical Education for the Urban Underserved (PRIME-US) at the UC Berkeley–UCSF Joint Medical Program (JMP): The First 4 Years.” Teaching and Learning in Medicine: An International Journal (2015).

Aihwa Ong, Anthropology

  • "Why Singapore Trumps Iceland: Gathering Genes in the Wild." Journal of Cultural Economy (2015).

Leti Volpp, Berkeley Law

  •  “Civility and the Undocumented Alien,” in Civility, Legality and Justice in America. (Austin Sarat, ed., 2014).
  •  “The Indigenous as Alien.” UC Irvine Law Review (2015).

Chris Zepeda-Millan, Ethnic Studies

  • Street, A, Jones-Correa, M, Zepeda-Millan, C. “Mass Deportation and the Future of Latino Partisanship.” Social Science Quarterly (April 2015).
  • Jones-Correa, M, Wallace, S, Zepeda-Millan, C. “The Impact of Large-Scale Collective Action on Latino Perceptions of Commonality and Competition with African-Americans.” Social Science Quarterly (May 2015). 


Linda Williams, Film Studies & Rhetoric
(Duke University Press, 2014)
Many television critics, legions of fans, even the president of the United States, have cited The Wire as the best television series ever. In this sophisticated examination of the HBO serial drama that aired from 2002 until 2008, Linda Williams, a leading film scholar and authority on the interplay between film, melodrama, and issues of race, suggests what exactly it is that makes The Wire so good. She argues that while the series is a powerful exploration of urban dysfunction and institutional failure, its narrative power derives from its genre. The Wire is popular melodrama, not Greek tragedy, as critics and the series creator David Simon have claimed. Entertaining, addictive, funny, and despairing all at once, it is a serial melodrama grounded in observation of Baltimore's people and institutions: of cops and criminals, schools and blue-collar labor, local government and local journalism. The Wire transforms close observation into an unparalleled melodrama by juxtaposing the good and evil of individuals with the good and evil of institutions.
Charis Thompson, Gender & Women’s Studies
(The MIT Press, 2014)
After a decade and a half, human pluripotent stem cell research has been normalized. There may be no consensus on the status of the embryo—only a tacit agreement to disagree—but the debate now takes place in a context in which human stem cell research and related technologies already exist. In this book, Charis Thompson investigates the evolution of the controversy over human pluripotent stem cell research in the United States and proposes a new ethical approach for “good science.” Thompson traces political, ethical, and scientific developments that came together in what she characterizes as a “procurial” framing of innovation, based on concern with procurement of pluripotent cells and cell lines, a pro-cures mandate, and a proliferation of bio-curatorial practices.
Catherine Ceniza Choy, Ethnic Studies
(NYU Press, 2013)
In the last fifty years, transnational adoption—specifically, the adoption of Asian children—has exploded in popularity as an alternative path to family making. Despite the cultural acceptance of this practice, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the factors that allowed Asian international adoption to flourish. In Global Families, Catherine Ceniza Choy unearths the little-known historical origins of Asian international adoption in the United States. Beginning with the post-World War II presence of the U.S. military in Asia, she reveals how mixed-race children born of Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese women and U.S. servicemen comprised one of the earliest groups of adoptive children.
Edited by C. D. Blanton, Colleen Lye (English, UC Berkeley), and Kent Puckett
(Representations, 2014)
The essays that make up this special issue of Representations turn on the relation between those two terms. How, they ask, should we understand the formal and cultural effects of a world economy ever more dependent on finance’s increasingly abstract calculations of value? In one respect, the metaphor of a “culture industry” might now appear anachronistic, swept aside by the postindustrial speed, scale, and global reach of contemporary finance. But what then remains of notions—inherited from the Frankfurt School and elsewhere—of high and low culture, art and reification, commitment and commodity, class struggle and rationalization in an economy now conceived as immaterial or disembodied, frictionless or flat?


Bringing Our Languages Home: Language Revitalization for Families
Leanne Hinton, Prof. Emerita, Linguistics 

(Heyday Books, 2013)

Throughout the world individuals in the intimacy of their homes innovate, improvise, and struggle daily to pass on endangered languages to their children. Elaina Albers of Northern California holds a tape recorder up to her womb so her baby can hear old songs in Karuk. The Baldwin family of Montana put labels all over their house marked with the Miami words for common objects and activities, to keep the vocabulary present and fresh. In Massachusetts, at the birth of their first daughter, Jesse Little Doe Baird and her husband convince the obstetrician and nurses to remain silent so that the first words their baby hears in this world are Wampanoag. Thirteen autobiographical accounts of language revitalization, ranging from Irish Gaelic to Mohawk, Kawaiisu to Māori, are brought together by Leanne Hinton, professor emerita of linguistics at UC Berkeley, who for decades has been leading efforts to preserve the rich linguistic heritage of the world. Those seeking to save their language will find unique instruction in these pages; everyone who admires the human spirit will find abundant inspiration.

Seth Holmes, School of Public Health
(University of California Press, 2013)
Fresh Fruit, Broken Bodies provides an intimate examination of the everyday lives and suffering of Mexican migrants in our contemporary food system. An anthropologist and MD in the mold of Paul Farmer and Didier Fassin, Holmes shows how market forces, anti-immigrant sentiment, and racism undermine health and health care. Holmes’s material is visceral and powerful. He trekked with his companions illegally through the desert into Arizona and was jailed with them before they were deported. He lived with indigenous families in the mountains of Oaxaca and in farm labor camps in the U.S., planted and harvested corn, picked strawberries, and accompanied sick workers to clinics and hospitals. This “embodied anthropology” deepens our theoretical understanding of the ways in which social inequalities and suffering come to be perceived as normal and natural in society and in health care.
SanSan Kwan, Theater, Dance, and Performance Studies
(Oxford University Press, 2013)
Kinesthetic City takes as its premise the idea that moving bodies, place, history, and identity are mutually productive. Analyzing both everyday movement and contemporary concert dance in five Chinese urban sites – Shanghai, Taipei, Hong Kong, New York's Chinatown, and the San Gabriel Valley in Los Angeles – this book explores transnational formations of Chineseness. Not definable by national boundaries, biological essences, central political systems, or even shared cultural norms, Chineseness is a mobile yet abiding idea. This book examines the ways that Chineseness is, at key historical moments, highly contested in each of these cities while paradoxically sustained as a collective consciousness across all of them. It argues that global communities can be studied through an investigation of dance and everyday movement practices as they are situated in particular places and times. 
Deborah Gray White , Mia Bay , Waldo E. Martin Jr. (History, University of California, Berkeley)
(Bedford/St. Martin's, 2013)
Award-winning scholars and veteran teachers Deborah Gray White, Mia Bay, and Waldo E. Martin Jr. have collaborated to create a fresh, innovative new African American history textbook that weaves together narrative and a wealth of carefully selected primary sources. The narrative focuses on the diversity of black experience, on culture, and on the impact of African Americans on the nation as a whole. Every chapter contains two themed sets of written documents and a visual source essay, guiding students through the process of analyzing sources and offering the convenience and value of a "two-in-one" textbook and reader.
Joshua Bloom, Waldo Martin (History, UC Berkeley)
(University of California Press, 2013)
Black against Empire is the first comprehensive overview and analysis of the history and politics of the Black Panther Party. The authors analyze key political questions, such as why so many young black people across the country risked their lives for the revolution, why the Party grew most rapidly during the height of repression, and why allies abandoned the Party at its peak of influence. Bold, engrossing, and richly detailed, this book cuts through the mythology and obfuscation, revealing the political dynamics that drove the explosive growth of this revolutionary movement, and its disastrous unraveling. Informed by twelve years of meticulous archival research, as well as familiarity with most of the former Party leadership and many rank-and-file members, this book is the definitive history of one of the greatest challenges ever posed to American state power.


Animacies: Biopoitics, Racial Mattering, and Queer Affect
Mel Y. Chen, Gender & Women's Studies

(Duke University Press, 2012)

In Animacies, Mel Y. Chen draws on recent debates about sexuality, race, and affect to examine how matter that is considered insensate, immobile, or deathly, animates cultural lives. Toward that end, Chen investigates the blurry division between the living and the dead, or that which is beyond the human or animal. Within the field of linguistics, animacy has been described variously as a quality of agency, awareness, mobility, sentience, or liveness. Chen turns to cognitive linguistics to stress how language habitually differentiates the animate and the inanimate. Expanding this construct, Chen argues that animacy undergirds much that is pressing and indeed volatile in contemporary culture, from animal rights debates to biosecurity concerns.


The Obama Phenomenon: Toward a Multiracial Democracy
Charles P. Henry (ed), African American Studies; Robert Allen (ed), African American Studies; Robert Chrisman (ed), African American Studies

(University of Illinois Press, 2011)

Barack Obama's campaign and electoral victory demonstrated the dynamic nature of American democracy. Beginning as a special issue of The Black Scholar, this probing collection illustrates the impact of "the Obama phenomenon" on the future of race relations within the United States through readings on Barack Obama's campaign as well as the idealism and pragmatism of the Obama administration. Some of the foremost scholars of African American politics and culture from an array of disciplines - including political science, theology, economics, history, journalism, sociology, cultural studies, and law - offer critical analyses of topics as diverse as Obama and the media, Obama's connection with the hip hop community, the public's perception of first lady Michele Obama, voter behaviour, and the history of racial issues in presidential campaigns since the 1960s. Contributors are Josephine A. V. Allen, Robert L. Allen, Herb Boyd, Donald R. Deskins Jr., Cheryl Harris, Charles P. Henry, Dwight N. Hopkins, John L. Jackson, Maulana Karenga, Robin D. G. Kelley, Martin Kilson, Clarence Lusane, Julianne Malveaux, Shaun Ossei-Owusu, Dianne Pinderhughes, Sherman C. Puckett, Scharn Robinson, Ula Taylor, Alice Walker, Hanes Walton Jr., and Ronald Williams II.


 HIV Prevention with Latinos: Theory, Research, and Practice
Kurt C. Organista (ed), School of Social Welfare

(Oxford University Press, June 2012)

This book, written by leading authorities on theory, research, and practice in preventing HIV with diverse Latino populations and communities, responds to the diminishing returns of the behavioral model of HIV risk by deconstructing the many social ecological contexts of risk within the Latino experience. Each of the chapters explores the most innovative thinking and original research on the prevention of HIV for a comprehensive span of subgroups and situations, including: preventing HIV in LGBT Latinos through community involvement and AIDS activism; in migrant laborers by scaling up community and cultural resources; in adolescent Latinas by facilitating communication with their mothers about sex; by decreasing the racism, homophobia, and poverty often experienced by Latino men who have sex with men; in transgender Latinas by decreasing familial, peer, and social rejection, and by providing structures of care at local, state, and national levels; and in Latinas by improving their economic autonomy as well as improving gender-equity ideologies among men.


Paris and the Spirit of 1919: Consumer Struggles, Transnationalism, and Revolution
Tyler Stovall, History

(Cambridge University Press, March 2012)

This transnational history of Paris in 1919 explores the global implications of the revolutionary crisis of French society at the end of World War I. As the site of the peace conference Paris was a victorious capital and a city at the center of the world, and Tyler Stovall explores these intersections of globalization and local revolution. The book takes as its central point the eruption of political activism in 1919, using the events of that year to illustrate broader tensions in working-class, race, and gender politics in Parisian, French, and ultimately global society which fueled debates about colonial subjects and the empire. Viewing consumerism and consumer politics as key both to the revolutionary crisis and to new ideas about working-class identity, and arguing against the idea that consumerism depoliticized working people, this history of local labor movements is a study in the making of the modern world.


 New Perspectives on Slavery and Colonialism in the Caribbean
Stephen Small (ed), African American Studies; co-edited with Marten Schalkwijk

(Amrit Publishers, 2012)

Analysis of slavery in the Caribbean, including variations in the nature, functioning and legacies of slavery across territories with different imperial masters - including the English, Spanish and French - has a long history and has produced a very substantial literature. There is far less work on the Dutch Caribbean, including Suriname. This reader makes a contribution to increasing our attention on the Dutch Caribbean, as well as its relationship to institutional practices and themes common elsewhere in the Caribbean.


Slaying the Dragon: Reloaded
DVD (30 min). Dir. Elaine Kim. 2011
Elaine H. Kim, Ethnic Studies

Slaying the Dragon: Reloaded is a 30-minute sequel to Slaying the Dragon. Reloaded looks at the past 25 years of representation of Asian and Asian American women in U.S. visual media — from blockbuster films and network television to Asian American cinema and YouTube — to explore what’s changed, what’s been recycled, and what we can hope for in the future.


Selected Articles

Paola Bacchetta, Gender & Women's Studies

Mario Barrera, Ethnic Studies

Keith Feldman, Ethnic Studies

Susan Ivey, School of Public Health

Colleen Lye, English

Minoo Moallem, Gender & Women's Studies

  • "Objects of Knowledge, Subjects of Consumption: Persian Carpets and the Gendered Politics of Transnational Knowledge." Circuits of Visibility: Gender and Transnational Media Cultures, ed. Radha Hedge. New York: New York University Press, 2011.
  • "Passing, Politics, and Religion." The Scholar and Feminist Online, Special Issue on Religion and Sexuality (Summer 2011).

Loic Wacquant, Sociology; Institute for Legal Research, Boalt Law School




Social Works: Performing Art, Supporting Publics
Shannon Jackson, Rhetoric and Theater, Dance, and Performance Studies
(Routledge, 2011)

At a time when art world critics and curators heavily debate the social, and when community organizers and civic activists are reconsidering the role of aesthetics in social reform, this book makes explicit some of the contradictions and competing stakes of contemporary experimental art-making. Social Works is an interdisciplinary approach to the forms, goals and histories of innovative social practice in both contemporary performance and visual art. Shannon Jackson uses a range of case studies and contemporary methodologies to mediate between the fields of visual and performance studies. The result is a brilliant analysis that not only incorporates current political and aesthetic discourses but also provides a practical understanding of social practice.


Why Americans Don't Join the Party: Race, Immigration and the Failure (of Political Parties) to Engage the Electorate
Taeku Lee, Political Science and Law and Zoltan L. Hajnal (UC San Diego)
(Princeton University Press, 2011)

The book explores why so many Americans--in particular, Latinos and Asians--fail to develop ties to either major party, why African Americans feel locked into a particular party, and why some white Americans are shut out by ideologically polarized party competition. Through extensive analysis, the authors demonstrate that when the Democratic and Republican parties fail to raise political awareness, to engage deeply held political convictions, or to affirm primary group attachments, nonpartisanship becomes a rationally adaptive response. By developing a model of partisanship that explicitly considers America's new racial diversity and evolving nonpartisanship, this book provides the Democratic and Republican parties and other political stakeholders with the means and motivation to more fully engage the diverse range of Americans who remain outside the partisan fray. For more info, here is an audio recording of Prof. Lee discussing research from his book at a CRG Thursday Forum:


Elsewhere, Within Here: Immigration, Refugeeism and the Boundary Event
Trinh T. Minh-ha, Rhetoric and Gender and Women's Studies
(Routledge, 2011)

Elsewhere, Within Here is an engaging look at travel across national borders--as a foreigner, a tourist, an immigrant, a refugee—in a pre- and post-9/11 world. Who is welcome where? What does it mean to feel out of place in the country you call home? When does the stranger appear in these times of dark metamorphoses? These are some of the issues addressed by the author as she examines the cultural meaning and complexities of travel, immigration, home and exile. The boundary, seen both as a material and immaterial event, is where endings pass into beginnings. Building upon themes present in her earlier work on hybridity and displacement in the median passage, and illuminating the ways in which "every voyage can be said to involve a re-siting of boundaries," Trinh T. Minh-ha leads her readers through an investigation of what it means to be an insider and an outsider in this "epoch of global fear."


Imprisoned in a Luminous Glare: Photography and the African American Freedom Struggle
Leigh Raiford, African American Studies
(University of North Carolina Press, 2011)

In Imprisoned in a Luminous Glare, Leigh Raiford argues that over the past one hundred years activists in the black freedom struggle have used photographic imagery both to gain political recognition and to develop a different visual vocabulary about black lives. Raiford analyzes why activists chose photography over other media, explores the doubts some individuals had about the strategies, and shows how photography became an increasingly effective, if complex, tool in representing black political interests.


Rallying for Immigrant Rights: The Fight for Inclusion in 21st Century America
Kim Voss and Irene Bloemraad, Sociology

(University of California Press, 2011)

From Alaska to Florida, millions of immigrants and their supporters took to the streets across the United States to rally for immigrant rights in the spring of 2006. The scope and size of their protests, rallies, and boycotts made these the most significant events of political activism in the United States since the 1960s. This accessibly written volume offers the first comprehensive analysis of this historic moment. Perfect for students and general readers, its essays, written by a multidisciplinary group of scholars and grassroots organizers, trace the evolution and legacy of the 2006 protest movement in engaging, theoretically informed discussions. The contributors cover topics including unions, churches, the media, immigrant organizations, and immigrant politics. Today, one in eight U.S. residents was born outside the country, but for many, lack of citizenship makes political voice through the ballot box impossible. This book helps us better understand how immigrants are making their voices heard in other ways.

For more info, here is an audio recording of Profs Voss and Bloemraad discussing research from their book at a CRG Thursday Forum:

Journal Special Issue:

Michael Jackson in/as U.S. Popular Culture.
Journal of Popular Music Studies, Volume 23, Issue 1, March 2011
Tamara Roberts, Music and Brandi Wilkins Catanese, African American Studies & Department of Theater, Dance, & Performance Studies

Read the editor's introduction to the journal here:
This issue was inspired by the symposium, "Michael Jackson: Critical Reflection on a Life and a Phenomenon," sponsored by the Center for Race and Gender on 10/1/2009.  Video of the symposium can be found here:




Forced to Care: Coercion and Caregiving in America
Evelyn Nakano Glenn, Ethnic Studies and Gender and Women's Studies

(Harvard University Press, June 2010)

Evelyn Nakano Glenn offers an innovative interpretation of care labor in the United States by tracing the roots of inequity along two interconnected strands: unpaid caring within the family; and slavery, indenture, and other forms of coerced labor. By bringing both into the same analytic framework, she provides a convincing explanation of the devaluation of care work and the exclusion of both unpaid and paid care workers from critical rights such as minimum wage, retirement benefits, and workers’ compensation. Glenn reveals how assumptions about gender, family, home, civilization, and citizenship have shaped the development of care labor and been incorporated into law and social policies. She exposes the underlying systems of control that have resulted in women—especially immigrants and women of color—performing a disproportionate share of caring labor. Finally, she examines strategies for improving the situation of unpaid family caregivers and paid home healthcare workers.


Quixote's Soldiers: A Local History of the Chicano Movement, 1966-1981
David Montejano, Chicano/Latino Studies

(University of Texas Press, July 2010)

In the mid-1960s, San Antonio, Texas, was a segregated city governed by an entrenched Anglo social and business elite. The Mexican American barrios of the west and south sides were characterized by substandard housing and experienced seasonal flooding. Gang warfare broke out regularly. Then the striking farmworkers of South Texas marched through the city and set off a social movement that transformed the barrios and ultimately brought down the old Anglo oligarchy. In Quixote's Soldiers, David Montejano uses a wealth of previously untapped sources, including the congressional papers of Henry B. Gonzalez, to present an intriguing and highly readable account of this turbulent period.


Signs of the Time: The Visual Politics of Jim Crow
Elizabeth Abel, English
(University of California Press, 2010)

Signs of the Times traces the career of Jim Crow signs—simplified in cultural memory to the “colored/white” labels that demarcated the public spaces of the American South—from their intellectual and political origins in the second half of the nineteenth century through their dismantling by civil rights activists in the 1960s and ’70s. In this beautifully written, meticulously researched book, Elizabeth Abel assembles a variegated archive of segregation signs and photographs that translated a set of regional practices into a national conversation about race. Abel also brilliantly investigates the semiotic system through which segregation worked to reveal how the signs functioned in particular spaces and contexts that shifted the grounds of race from the somatic to the social sphere.