Intersectional Analysis of Food Security in Nepal's Mid-Hills: Gender, Remittances and Caste
Male out-migration is a common strategy to improve household welfare in Nepal by increasing household cash flow in the form of remittances. However, cultural gender norms prevent women from absorbing absent males’ farming roles, leading to inefficient agricultural yields and consequently, poor food security within the household. This project examines the food security of female headed-households (FHH) because access to nutrition is a direct measure of a household’s vulnerability. Additionally, the quality of abroad work placements, which are organized in Nepal, is highly dependent on the male’s caste, thus impacting the eventual nutritional access of FHH. This research will look at the impact of remittances on the food security of FHH and the degree to which this relationship changes due to caste. This endeavor will serve as a platform to further understand migration, as a poverty-alleviation technique, in one of the Least Developed Countries (LDC). It will also help scholars assess social exclusion, from both a gender and caste perspective.